Archive for January, 2014

Our Aims and Methodology

Posted: January 28, 2014 in Tips&Tricks


This project is dealing with the right of return for Palestinian refugees, the problem of the Palestinian refugees was always from the main problems in the twentieth century, and the most tragic and complicated issue in the entire world.
Both of sides of this issue “Palestine and Israel” have presented their points of view to the world through the mass media and each of them has offered solutions for this issue, but what it is clear to the eye that all the mass media of Palestine are under Israeli blockade, and that situation will already put some limitations and restriction on the freedom of the Palestinian media.
In addition, the Palestinian media has just one Act since 25 of June 1995 which intend to organize the work of Palestinian Media, but this Act has not been applied on all the media institutions in Palestine.
As a result of all of the above mentioned, we have found that we should conduct this project to find out the truth about the right of return for Palestinian refugees, and we already have started to launch investigations about the historical, political and sociological concepts of Palestine, and we have analysed it in relation with of power, spectacle and memory within contemporary mediated culture, which were the first steps of us toward this project.
This project is considered as a Basic/Applied Research, which we are aiming through this project to improve the knowledge about the right of return for Palestinian refugees, the project’s methodology is combined with many methods, but it is mainly depend on Field Trip method, which is very important and opportunity to us to collect data and to enhance our cultural experience about Palestine, also our project will involve Semi-Structured Interviews method, that we will arrange a list of questions about our area of interest for this project, anyway this will not prevent us from changing these questions depending on the situation. In addition to the methodology, we will try to use the Oral history Methodology, we can get benefit from using this methodology that we can get some important stories about our issue which cannot be found in printed sources.

written by : fatma bensalem


Contemporary Spectacle

Posted: January 23, 2014 in Academic Research

 Western societies believed that the feud between Jew and Arabs has been continuous (over 1000 years) and will remain the same. The truth of the matter is that this ‘idea’ is an assumption and an evident myth. There was no abnormality with the relationship between the Jewish people and before conflict had arisen the Jews flourished socially and economically in the Arab world. The two nations lived together in harmony (Arabs were the majority). This lifestyle eventually subsided when in the years of 1932-1936 Adolf Hitler began ethnic cleansing. Jews flooded to Palestine, where the decision arose to create a Jewish State, they believed that it was their right due to Jewish history being present on Palestinian land, they called it a national liberation movement (We may call it colonialist) An agreement was made for the Jew and Arabs to follow although Arabs made up 69% of the popularity and Jew 31% they received only 43 % whilst Jews 56% of the most fertile land. After the agreement was made Jews started the war of 1948. The national narrative is a spectacle in itself it claims that in 1948 the Jews were under attack by Arab armies who outnumbered the Jewish Military, it was said that the ‘Arabs attacked, the Jews won, Arabs left and Jews had the rights to take their homes. This infact goes against the actual facts if Jews were under attack how did the conquer the West bank, Gaza strip Sinai Peninsula and Golan heights all within 6 days whilst being attacked by Arab armies. The facts are that the Jews attacked because they wanted to erase Palestine off the map and in order for them to do that they carried out a hypocritical attack of ethnic cleansing, now I say hypocritical because did they not just face ruthless amounts of ethnic cleansing in Europe and that being the reason they flooded to Palestine although some Jewish people believe that they did not put Arabs through extreme amount of ethnic cleansing ( No gas chambers etc.) they did however still kill them no matter how the act was carried out. The Jews believe they treat Arabs like any enemy however it was the Jewish people who attacked first making the Arabs the enemy. The implication of the national narrative allows one culture to victimize themselves and let the other culture take the blame which portrays them as the antagonist in the whole situation when infact they are the victim. Another spectacle which has arisen is the idea of BiNationalism or the one state solution where both nations would come together and live in harmony where both nations have the right to return, the right to vote and an equal way of life. Many Jews say that Palestinians are against the idea of the national narrative however it was the Jews who didn’t want it in 1948 and are again blaming the Arabs for something they don’t want just to make them appear to be the better nation to western countries.

Written by Zainab Mogul and Cynthia Mbugua

Memory of Palestine

Posted: January 23, 2014 in Academic Research
If we want to speak about the issue of the right of return for Palestinian refugees, we have to go back to 1917 and bring the memory of that time when the Foreign Secretary of united kingdom (Arthur James Balfour) sent a letter to a leader of the British Jewish community (Baron Rothschild) which was a secret letter at that time. After a while, this letter has called “The Balfour Declaration 1917”, and it is as the following:

November 2nd, 1917

Dear Lord Rothschild,

I have much pleasure in conveying to you. on behalf of His Majesty’s Government, the following declaration of sympathy with Jewish Zionist aspirations which has been submitted to, and approved by, the Cabinet
His Majesty’s Government view with favour the establishment in Palestine of a national home for the Jewish people, and will use their best endeavors to facilitate the achievement of this object, it being clearly understood that nothing shall be done which may prejudice the civil and religious rights of existing non-Jewish communities in Palestine or the rights and political status enjoyed by Jews in any other country.
I should be grateful if you would bring this declaration to the knowledge of the Zionist Federation.

Arthur James Balfour

It was so strange how United Kingdom has granted a land which does not owned to the Jews, which has contributed in the displacement of the people of Palestine. It is important to mention that this letter has been written by Balfour before United kingdom’s military entered Palestine after the first world war in 9 December 1917, and it does not mentioned Arab Muslims or Christians although Arabs make up 93% of the people in Palestine, while the Jews in Palestine constitutes only 7%, so the promise was to 7% and not to 93%!!!!!!

To conclude the first point which was the base of all the issues and conflict in Palestine over years, we can describe this promise as “an illegal promise made by someone who does not own to someone who does not deserve”.

The second point about the memory of Palestinian refugees issue has started between 1920 to 1948, when the Jewish people came to Palestine to seize their lands, that has been done by the help of the British Mandate over Palestine which provided all the ways for Jewish by helping them to put down any attempt for Palestinians to resist and retrieval their lands.

When Palestine people have found that their farms and lands have gone which is the only source of livelihood, especially the majority of them were peasants, they have forced to migrate to other cities or countries.

It is clearly from the previous point, that the seizure of lands and the displacement of Palestinians has been started by the Jewish and the help of British government even before the declaration from the UN to establish the Country of Israel in 1948, which it were between 1936 and 1939 that forced many of Palestinians to leave their country.

The second wave of Palestinian immigration began after the United Nations Partition Plan for Palestine in 29 of November 1947, when Jewish people expel more than 30,000 Palestinian who were living in what was allocated to the Jewish state, and has followed by 75,000 Palestinian between February and March in 1948.

The hostilities has caused by Israeli army in 1948 to Palestinians to establish Israeli country, and it were the main reason to displace the largest number of Palestinians when Israel used the force of arms to expel all Palestinians who lived in 530 towns and villages, and seized their lands which is now nearly 92% of the area of Israel.

Although the end of military operations for Israel, the process of displacement did not stop, and the methods of Palestinians displacement were based on two: The first method was based on terrorism and intimidation by destroying cities and killing innocent people, and the second one was based on some economic regulations which did not allow Palestinians to work in their farms as well as increasing the Tax and flood the market with exported goods to beat the local goods, such a policy has increased the number of Palestinians who left their country.

After three days of formed an provisional government of Israel, it has formed a special committee to make sure that all Palestinian refugees will not return to their homes, which has completed the process of demolition the destroyed villages, and putting the Jews in the Arab homes that has not been destroyed, the members of this special committee were : Yosef Weitz, Eliyahu Sasson and Ezra Danin, and this committee was supported by David Ben-Gurion (Prime minister of Israel in that time).
To expand the process of expulsion of Palestinians, this committee has helped Palestinians to find other places to live.

After the end of war in June 1967, Israeli government found that the numbers of Palestinians immigrants are not huge as the year of 1948, so their strategy has taken another way, and they started to provide a free transportation for people who want to migrate to Jordan and try to make them sign forms which state that they had left of their own volition and gave them 50 Israeli lira, and to complete this process, they have established formal offices , especially in large camps to encourage Palestinians to leave the country.

In this brief about the political memory for the issue of the right of return for Palestinian refugees, I have tried to show how the project of establishing Israeli country was based on the expulsion of the Palestinian population from their land, and was a pre-planned to implement this project.

I did not go in-depth to describe the butcheries that happened to Palestinians over that period of time till now by Israeli military and I did not compare the stones of Children with the weapons and Military technology for Israel, but it is very sad and funny in the same time to believe that Israel has offered the peace and Palestine did not accept it.


Written By:  Fatma Bensalem 

• Roger , Garaudy , file Israel , a study of political Zionism , Sunrise House , Beirut , 1983 , pp. 111 .
• Taesser Jabbara , forced migration , the third issue .64-4 , An-Najah University , Nablus, 1998, pp. 22 .
• Salman Abu Sitta , the right of return is sacred , legal and possible , b d , site of / data / aspx
• Norma Egyptian, social study into the causes of the failure of the resettlement of Palestinian refugees, Palestinian politics magazine, Issue 13.
• Center for Palestine Research and Studies, 1997.
• D. Numan Amr, the impact of Israeli settlement projects on the right of return for Palestinians, Al Quds Open University, Hebron area educational, 2007.

Palestine in Football

Chile located in the South American continent consists a population of 300,000 so big that it created a football team called Palestine Football Club, which was founded in 1920 by Palestinian immigrants to Chile. The team was fined recently £800 by the league officials for wearing a match kit, which had offended the Jewish community. The number ‘one’ on the back of the jersey was designed in the replication of the Palestine map before Israel started taking over the land in 1947.  However the Jewish community wants to live in peace with the Palestinians and want to rebuild their relationship with each other but they will not see defamation and stand for it.  Fernando Arguad the president of Palestino F.C has accepted the negativity its generating and that the uniform will be changed.


Writen by: Jay Alom


Posted: January 21, 2014 in Spectacle and Memory

Power, Spectacle, Memory

Access the link for a brief presentation about the most influential factors of our contemporary society. Palestine, surrounding the effects of massive de-arrabization and how is it informed by power dominance, spectacle performance and memory presence.